1.4021 is similar, but may not be a direct equivalent to:
- 1.4021, 1.4024, 1.4028, 1.4029, 1.4030, 1.4034
|Chemical Element||% Present|
0.16 - 0.25
12.00 - 14.00
0.00 - 1.50
0.00 - 1.00
0.00 - 0.04
0.00 - 0.03
Bar Up to 160mm Dia / Thickness
500 - 600 MPa
700 - 950 MPa
12 - 13 %
General Physical Properties
10.3 x 10-6/K
Modulus of Elasticity
0.55 x 10-6 Ω .m
- Valve parts
- Pump shafts
- Automatic screw machined parts
- Motor shafts
- Washing machine components
- Bolts and nuts
- Shear blades
- Cutlery (blades)
- Surgical instruments
- Good corrosion resistance similar to 410 plus increased strength and hardness
- It is magnetic in both the annealed and hardened conditions
- Maximum corrosion resistance is attained only in the fully hardened condition
- It is never used in the annealed condition
Grade 420 has poor weldability.
Pre-heat to 150-320°C and post-heat at 610-760°C. Grade 420 coated welding rods are recommended for high strength joints, where a post-weld hardening and tempering heat treatment is to be carried out.
If parts are to be used in the "as welded" condition, a ductile joint can be achieved by using Grade 309 filler rod. AS 1554.6 pre-qualifies welding of 420 with Grade 309 rods or electrodes.
Fabrication must be by methods that allow for poor weldability and usually also allow for a final harden and temper heat treatment.
Corrosion resistance is lower than the common austenitic grades.
Useful resistance to dry atmospheres, fresh water and mild alkalies and acids, but less resistant than the equivalent non-free-machining grades. Less corrosion resistant than the austenitic grades and also less than 17% chromium ferritic alloys such as Grade 430. High sulphur content free machining grades such as 416 are totally unsuitable for marine or other chloride exposure.
Maximum corrosion resistance is achieved in the hardened condition, with a smooth surface finish.
Not recommended-Suitable only for minor deformation. Severe deformation will result in cracking.
All hot work procedures should commence following uniform heating to 2100-2250°F (1149-1232°C). Hot work below 1700°F (927°C) may result in cracking.
Fair resistance to scaling in intermittent service up to 760°C and up to 675°C in continuous service. Not recommended for use in temperatures above the relevant tempering temperature, if maintenance of mechanical properties is important.
Grade 420 offers exceptionally good machinability, the highest of any of the commonly available stainless steels. Best machinability is in the sub-critical annealed condition.