ASTM A815 (S31803/S32205)

A duplex stainless steel with a microstructure of 50:50 austenite and ferrite.

Duplex stainless steels are extremely corrosion resistant, work hardenable alloys. Their microstructures consist of a mixture of austenite and ferrite phases. As a result, duplex stainless steels display properties characteristic of both austenitic and ferritic stainless steels. This combination of properties can mean some compromise when compared with pure austenitic and pure ferritic grades.

Duplex stainless steels are in most cases, tougher than ferritic stainless steels. Strengths of duplex stainless steels can in some cases be double that for austenitic stainless steels.

Whilst duplex stainless steels are considered resistant to stress corrosion cracking, they are not as resistant to this form of attack as ferritic stainless steels. However, the corrosion resistance of the least resistant duplex stainless steels is greater than that for the most commonly used grades of stainless steels, i.e. 304 and 316.

Duplex steels are also magnetic, a property that can be used to easily differentiate them from common austenitic grades of stainless.

Property data given in this document is typical for flat rolled products covered by ASTM A240/A240M. ASTM, EN or other standards may cover products sold. It is reasonable to expect specifications in these standards to be similar but not necessarily identical to those given in this datasheet.

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Related Specifications

Grade UNS 31803 is similar to:

  • 2205
  • EN 1.4462Z
  • UNS S31803
  • UNS S32205
  • BS 318S13
  • 318

Properties

Chemical Composition

Applications

  • Chemical processing, transport and storage
  • Oil and gas exploration and offshore rigs
  • Oil and gas refining
  • Marine environments
  • Pollution control equipment
  • Pulp & paper manufacturing
  • Chemical process plant

Characteristics

  • High resistance to stress corrosion cracking
  • High resistance to general corrosion, pitting, and crevice corrosion
  • High resistance to erosion corrosion and corrosion fatigue
  • High mechanical strength - roughly twice the proof strength of austenitic stainless steel
  • Physical properties that offer design advantages
  • Good weldability

Additional Information

Fabrication

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